THE POSITION OF THE HUNGARIAN MINORITY IN TRANSCARPATHIA IN PRESENT HUNGARIAN-UKRAINIAN DIPLOMATIC RELATIONSHIP
The author analyzes the theoretical aspects of the relationship between the national minority and the representatives of the ethnic majority in a democratic state. Since 1991 the rights of minorities have been more of a regulated issue at the international level than on the domestic one. At the same time, given the difficult history of Europe, relations between national minorities and central governments may be burdened with mutual distrust, especially in countries where civic identity is closely linked to ethnic or national identity. In this regard, there are two trends determining the development of relations between minorities and the state: on the one hand, minority rights are subject to monitoring by special European structures; on the other – the EU creates new institutions for the political participation of national minorities. In the legal area, between Ukraine and Hungary the issue of the protection of the rights of national minorities is fully regulated. However, there are some issues related to the termination of the work of the Hungarian-Ukrainian joint committee on minorities since 2011, which forces Hungary to support its minority group in Transcarpathia. The protection of the guarantees of national-cultural identity provided by the current legislation of Ukraine is of primary importance to representatives of national communities, in particular Hungarians: the right to preserve traditional settlement, to receive education in the native language, to national cultural autonomy, to ensure the representation of national communities in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine, other fundamental legal documents of the Ukrainian state building, and international documents for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
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