BUILDING NATIONAL RESILIENCE IN THE CONTEXT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN UKRAINE
The article explores the key characteristics of the definition of “national resilience”, which dis- tinguish it from other terms. These include motion and permanence, the existence of threats to national security, the availability of relevant actors and mechanisms capable of adapting and ef- fectively overcoming dangerous processes and crises in various areas.
The article argues that the building of national resilience occurs under the influence of certain factors, one of which is to ensure the sustainable development of the state and society. Taking into account the wide range of sustainable development issues and their links to national resil- ience, only a few aspects relevant to the national security sphere are analyzed in this article.
In present-day globalized world, sustainable development is not possible without ensuring peace and security, as well as establishing productive cooperation at the international level. In this con- text, the tasks set for Ukraine within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) as a global UN program are analyzed.
To ensure sustainable development of Ukraine, as well as the resilience of our state, the ending of the armed conflict in the Donbas region, the enhancement of community cohesion, the process of reconciliation and reintegration, and the creation of efficient, accountable and inclusive insti- tutions at all levels are of fundamental importance. In consequence of this, the peculiarities of the implementation of the tasks set out in the goal 16 «Peace, justice and strong institutions» of the National Report «Sustainable Development Goals: Ukraine» are explored in detail. The arti- cle argues that tasks set out in the goal 16 of the SDG do not cover the full spectrum of processes necessary to achieve peace, justice and inclusive institutions development in Ukraine, and some of the indicators are ambiguous and do not allow to assess progress in the relevant field objectively.
The discrepancies between the target indicators set out in the SDG tasks and other program doc- uments of Ukraine indicate the lack of coordination between state bodies. This is a particular concern because many reforms are being implemented in Ukraine in different areas at the same time. The above problem is an obstacle to building national resilience, since effective coordina- tion of the state bodies’ activities and their proper interaction with civil society are the key prin- ciples of resilience in the field of national security.
2. Walsh-Dilley, M., & Wolford, W. (2015). (Un) Defining resilience: subjectiv eunderstandings of ’resilience’ from the field. Resilience, 3:3, 173–182 [in English].
3. Walker, J., & Cooper, M. (2011). Genealogies of resilience: From systems ecology to the political economy of crisis adaptation. SecurityDialogue, vol. 42 (2), Special Issue on The Global Governance of Security and Finance (Pp. 143–
160) [in English].
4. Definitions of Community Resilience: An Analysis. (2013). A CARRI Report. Community and Regional Resilience Institute. (2013). www.resilientus.org. Retrieved from http://www.resilientus.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/ definitions-of-community-resilience.pdf (viewed 20.03.2019) [in English].
5. Holling, C. S. (1973). Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 1–23 [in English].
6. Kachynskyi, A. B. (2015). Indykator mohutnosti yak intehralnyi pokaznyk bezpeky derzhavy [Index of poweras anintegral indicator of state security]. Matematychne modeliuvannia v ekonomitsi – Mathematical Modeling in Econo- mics, 2, 75–91 [in Ukrainian].
7. Sukhodolia, O. M. (2018). Stiikist enerhetychnoi systemy chy stiikist enerhozabezpechennia spozhyvachiv: postanovka problemy [Resilience of energy system or consumers’ energy supply: a problem statement]. Stratehichni priorytety – Strategic Priorities, 2, 101–117 [in Ukrainian].
8. Boiko, A. V. (2014). Stiikist natsionalnoi ekonomiky: teoriia, metodolohiia, praktyka [Resilience of national economy: theory, methodology, and practice]. Kyiv (228 p.) [in Ukrainian].
9. Reznikova, O. O. (2018). Zabezpechennia natsionalnoi bezpeky i natsionalnoi stiikosti: spilni rysy i vidminnosti [Providing national security and national resilience: common features and differences]. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu – Bulletin of Lviv University, 19, 170–175 [in Ukrainian].
10. The Sustainable Development Agenda. United Nations. (n. d.). un.org. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/ sustainabledevelopment/development-agenda/ (viewed 29.10.2019) [in English].
11. Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe. A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign аnd Security Policy. (n. d.). eeas.europa.eu. Retrieved from http://eeas.europa.eu/archives/docs/top_stories/pdf/eugs_ review_web.pdf (viewed 29.10.2019) [in English].
12. Sustainable development goals. (n. d.). www.un.org. Retrieved from https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sus- tainable-development-goals/ (viewed 20.03.2019) [in English].
13. Millennium Development Goals and Beyond 2015. (n. d.). www.un.org. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/ millenniumgoals/bkgd.shtml (viewed 20.03.2019) [in English].
14. Tsili staloho rozvytku: Ukraina. Natsionalna dopovid 2017 [Sustainable development goals: Ukraine. National Report 2017]. (n. d.). www.me.gov.ua. Retrieved from https://issuu.com/mineconomdev/docs/sdgs_nationalreportua_web (viewed 20.03.2019) [in Ukrainian].
15. Analiz derzhavnykh stratehichnykh dokumentiv Ukrainy shchodo vrakhuvannia adaptovanykh dlia Ukrainy Tsilei Staloho Rozvytku do 2030 roku [Analysis of statestrategic documents of Ukraine in terms of application of Sustainable Development Goals adapted for Ukraine]. (2017). Kyiv (84 p.) [in Ukrainian].
16. Methodology. SCORE. (n. d.). www.scoreforpeace.org. Retrieved from https://www.scoreforpeace.org/en/methodolo- gy (wieved 20.03.2019) [in English].
17. Score Ukraine Methodology. (n. d.). www.scoreforpeace.org. Retrieved from https://www.scoreforpeace.org/en/ ukraine/methodology (viewed 20.03.2019) [in English].
18. Ukraine. Social Cohesion and Reconciliation Index. (n. d.). www.scoreforpeace.org. Retrieved from https://www. scoreforpeace.org/en/ukraine/2018-General%20population%20Government%20Controlled%20Areas-0 (viewed 20.03.2019) [in English].
19. Resilience Index Executive Summary. FM Global and Pentl and Analitics. (n. d.). www.fmglobal.com. Retrieved from https://www.fmglobal.com/research-and-resources/tools-and-resources/resilienceindex (viewed 20.03.2019) [in English].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.