WAR AND PEACE IN CONTEMPORARY SECURITY STUDIES

Keywords: ontology of war, hybrid warfare, security studies, peace studies, conflict resolution paradigm

Abstract

The paper considers the role of the concepts of war and peace in current security studies. The theoretical issue of the correlation between terminological and ordinary representations of war and peace is analyzed. The thesis is argued that the dichotomy between war and peace are blurred by hybrid warfare. The paper illustrates the blur with examples from contemporary security researche, esp. critical war studies so as studies of peace. Approaches towards peace in the context of modern “peace studies” are not fully consistent with the realities of Russian hybrid warfare against Ukraine with its occupation of the part of Ukrainian territory and the continuation of the “hot” conflict in eastern Ukraine including the participation of Russian regular forces and local proxy groups. The peace in the context of conflict studies implies a compromise, the option of win-win solution when both sides become the “winners”. However in the framework of military research the purpose of war is to achieve political goals by defeating the enemy imposing, according Lassa Oppenheim, such conditions of peace as the victor pleases. The victory in the context of contemporary hybrid warfare is realized primarily in the cognitive dimension and presupposes a rejection of the enemy demands (depriving Ukraine of the right to choose its foreign policy course). If we are dealing with an inter-state war, as in the case of Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, the ability for reconciliation and the compromise with the aggressor is severely limited. The purpose of Russian-Ukranian war is to establish peace through the victory of Ukraine, both at the cognitive level and at the level of restoring the territorial integrity of our state. Conflict resolution approaches should be viewed as complementary aimed at reducing the intensity of the conflict. At the same time, such measures create a risk of frozen conflict with the possibility of the resumption of hot conflict.

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Published
2019-07-02
How to Cite
Yavorska, G. (2019). WAR AND PEACE IN CONTEMPORARY SECURITY STUDIES. Strategic Priorities, 49(1), 110-116. Retrieved from https://niss-priority.com/index.php/journal/article/view/244