UKRAINE – POLAND: TO THE ISSUE OF MODERN MIGRATIONS OF UKRAINIANS TO POLAND
As a result of the Russian aggression, sharp deterioration of the economic situation in Ukraine, impoverishment of a large part of the population he extent of labor migration abroad has increased significantly. Its composition changed: the proportion of young people, specialists, and inhabitants of Central and Eastern Ukraine among migrant workers increased. The main destination country for migrants is Poland, which has moved Russia from this position. This is due to the fact that Poland faces a shortage of workers on the background of successful economic development and record low unemployment. The demand for additional workforce is compounded by the mass exodus of the Poles to other EU countries with higher earnings than in Poland. The country has created a wide range of opportunities for legal temporary employment of foreigners. In addition to labor, educational migration from Ukraine to Poland is increasing. The number of Ukrainians living in the neighboring country permanently is also increasing. Migration of Ukrainians to Poland is currently an important component of the interaction between the two societies and, as such, requires mutual attention and bilateral response. The interests of both countries correspond to the provision of organized and safe migration, the proper protection of migrants' rights, their social security etc. Ensuring the cultural and educational needs of Ukrainians in Poland, the support of the Ukrainian diaspora, which is growing numerically and organizationally, can also be successful only in cooperation with the Polish state. The formation of a positive image of the migrant and migration in the society, explanation of the significant role of migration for the social and economic development of both states is in the common interest. This will contribute to preserving the harmony in society, to make it impossible to show hostility to representatives of other peoples, discrimination and xenophobia. In order to make adequate managerial decisions, a deep understanding of their object is required. Therefore, the permanent exchange of information, conducting of bilateral Polish-Ukrainian scientific research can be extremely relevant.
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