TOOLS FOR BUILDING OF THE STATE RESILIENCE IN A NATIONAL SECURITY FIELD
The article explores the peculiarities of the establishment and implementation of tools for ensuring the state and public resilience in the sphere of national security, as well as the corresponding positive practices of other states. It is proved that the implementation of the national resilience concept should begin with defining the relevant long-term goals and objectives in the National Security Strategy. Based on the analysis of the security environment of a particular country, authorized state body should identify the priority areas and specific tools for ensuring national resilience. There are different, but close points of view from NATO and the EU concerning the most important sectors in building resilience. It depends on their political goals. But it`s agreed that building the national resilience is responsibility of national states. The article determines the groups of tools that are fundamentally important for the state resilience building. There are establishment of effective interaction between all actors (state and non-state); strengthening the capacities of authorized state bodies to identify and assess threats; ensuring the continuity of governance and providing critical services to the population; ensuring a high level of awareness, readiness and preparedness for a wide range of threats and hazards; establishment of stable channels of communication between authorized state and local bodies and population. Based on the analysis of different counties experience, the fields in which tools for ensuring the national resilience are used the most actively are identified. The necessity of introducing the concept of national resilience in the sphere of national security of Ukraine is proved. The article includes recommendations on principles and ways to update the Strategy of National Security of Ukraine and prepare other documents on planning in the areas of national security and defense on its basis. It proposes to introduce in Ukraine the practice of preparing the National Threats Register as part of the National Security Strategy. The directions for implementation of tools for ensuring state resilience in Ukraine are determined.
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