THE HUNGARIANS OF TRANSCARPATHIA: HISTORICAL ASPECT, TODAY AND PERSPECTIVES

  • Palyvoda Volodymyr
Keywords: Hungarians, national minority, irredenta, Treaty of Trianon, Transcarpathia, Hungary.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the history of Hungarian national minority’s appearance on the territory of Ukraine, the current situation of Ukrainian-Hungarian relations, taking into account the position of Hungary in protecting the rights of its compatriots abroad. The problem of Russia’s attempt to inspire ethnic separatism in Transcarpathia is also considered. The term "irredenta" is a more precise definition for the Hungarian national minority, than the name "Hungarian diaspora in Ukraine". Unlike the diaspora, whose members are scattered throughout different countries of the world, far from their historical homeland, members of the irredenta are usually compactly settled in the states bordering their historic homeland. Their concentration is particularly high in the border, adjacent territories. The appearance of Hungarian irredenta in Ukraine is directly linked to the Treaty of Trianon, which was concluded in June 1920, between the Allied Entente States of the First World War and Hungary. This act was practically a revenge for the Hungarians for following the example of the Russian Bolsheviks and the creation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic. The consequences of the Trianon Treaty are now perceived in Hungary as a major catastrophe in the history of the state. Mood images over the lost territories and their compatriots, who became citizens of neighbouring states not on his own accord, are spreading in Hungarian society. For almost a hundred years of existence, this situation has created an very complex combination of moral-psychological, ethno-cultural, socio-economic, and, therefore, socio-political problems. Therefore, it is not surprising that practically all Hungarian parties is actively using in its rhetoric the so-called "post-Trianon syndrome". Since 1990, all Hungarian governments have identified the protection of the rights of national minorities living abroad as one of the main priorities of foreign policy. In this context, Ukraine became that particular state on the basis of which Hungary began to implement a pilot project of such an attitude towards the Hungarian national minority, which would meet the highest European requirements.

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Published
2018-08-06
How to Cite
Volodymyr, P. (2018). THE HUNGARIANS OF TRANSCARPATHIA: HISTORICAL ASPECT, TODAY AND PERSPECTIVES. Strategic Priorities, 46(1), 63-69. Retrieved from https://niss-priority.com/index.php/journal/article/view/21