IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MODERN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION APPROACH IN UKRAINE.

  • Sergiy Ivanyuta
Keywords: disasters, risk reduction, priorities, international cooperation, safety, sustainable development

Abstract

The current United Nations’ programs in the field of disaster risk reduction and strengthening of the resilience to disruption of the functioning of social and economic systems and environmental degradation are examined. It is shown that due to the presence of numerous mining, chemical and energy companies with a significant number of industrial and urban centers with high population density in Ukraine, the negative impact of natural disasters could lead to significant increase in threats to the emergence of large-scale negative consequences due to the destruction and damage of potentially dangerous objects. Taking into account the difficult socioeconomic conditions in Ukraine, it is shown that to improve the ecological safety of the state it is necessary to implement the modern approaches for risk reduction and on this basis to make management decisions to prevent and minimize the negative effects of disasters. It is also important to make more concerted efforts to eliminate the causes of the increased risk of natural disasters, including the consequences of global climate change, urbanization and inefficient land use. Preconditions for introduction in Ukraine of the modern approaches to disaster risk reduction as an effective mechanism to enhance the state's ability to neutralize the negative effects of natural and technological disasters are determined.

References

1. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Publ. 2015 03 14. From : http://www. unisdr.org

2. 2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. Revealing Risk, Redefining Development. From : www.preventionweb.net/gar

3. Natural catastrophes and man-made disasters in 2014. Published 2015 07 19. From : http:// www.munichre.com

4. World Bank. 2010. Natural hazards, unnatural disasters: The economics of effective prevention / Washington: World Bank and United Nations. – Gupta, 2011. – 587 p.

5. Bychenok, М. М. Risks of life activity in natural and technological environment / М. М. Bychenok, S. P. Ivanyuta, Y. О. Yakovlev; Institute of national security problems. – К. : IPNB, 2008. – 160 p.

6. Bychenok, М. М. Complex estimation of risks for life activity in potentially dangerous regions / М. М. Bychenok, S. P. Ivanyuta, Y. О. Yakovlev // Ecology and resources. – К. : IPNB, 2007. – № 17. – P. 33–42.

7. Bernstein, P. L. Against the Gods: the Remarkable Story of Risk / P.L. Bernstein. – John Wiley & Sons, 1996. – 383 p.

8. Morgan, M. G. Uncertainty: A Guide to Dealing with Uncertainty in Quantitative Risk and Policy Analysis / M. G. Morgan, M. Henrion. – Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990. – 344 p.

9. Kachinskiy, А. B. Safety, threats and risk: scientific concepts and mathematical methods / А. B. Kachinskiy. – К. : IPNB, NASBU, 2004. – 472 p.

10. Horbulin, V. P. System and conceptual basics of Ukraine’s national security strategy / V. P. Horbulin, А. B. Kachinskiy. – К. : DP «Evroatlanticinform», 2007. – 592 p.

11. United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, «2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction», Geneva, May 2009. Publ. 2015 03 14. From: http://www.unisdr.org/we/ inform/terminology

12. UNISDR Hyogo framework for action 2005–2015: building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. In: World conference on disaster reduction, Kobe, Japan, January 2005.

13. The Role of Hydrometeorological Services in Disaster Risk Management. Proceedings from the joint workshop co-organized by: the World Bank, the UNISDR, and the World Meteorological Organization. Washington, D.C. – March 12, 2012.

14. National report on technological and natural safety in Ukraine in 2014. From: http:// www.mns.gov.ua/content/national_lecture.html

15. International Decade for Natural Disasters Reduction. Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a safer world. In: World conference on natural disaster reduction, Yokohama, Japan, 1994.

16. Association Agreement between the EU and its Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part. Published 2014 03 21. From: http:// eeas.europa.eu/delegations/ukraine/eu_ukraine/ association_agreement/index_en.htm
Published
2018-08-28
How to Cite
Ivanyuta, S. (2018). IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MODERN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION APPROACH IN UKRAINE. Strategic Priorities, 38(1), 110-117. Retrieved from https://niss-priority.com/index.php/journal/article/view/204