SCIENTIFIC AND POLITICAL ASPECTS OF HUNGARIAN-UKRAINIAN CONTACTS
The article deals with the ethno-political and other aspects of Ukrainian-Hungarian contacts, which are realized, in particular, through Transcarpathia, where many Hungarian communities live and operate a lot of Hungarian schools, higher educational establishments, cultural centers, etc. Today we see there significant separatist tendencies, which are also exacerbated by the external influences such as political rusynism, and so on. This is also facilitated by Hungarian opposition parties. Unfortunately, this situation does not contribute to the formation of a positive image of Ukraine in Hungary. Its image in the Hungarian media is mostly negative, the information in general is small and it is distorted. At the same time, there were some opportunities for a closer acquaintance with the neighboring country, among them – tourist trips, educational and cultural contacts. There is a large Hungarian branch in the Kyiv National Linguistic University.
In Hungary live Slavic national minorities. In 1993, two separate self-governments of Rusyns and Ukrainians were created here. Rusyns are largely assimilated with Hungarians and Slovaks, living mainly in northeastern Hungary and numbering about 4 thousand people. The Ukrainian community in Hungary (only 7 thousand people) is active, there is a Sunday school, a magazine "Hromada", folk groups, and joint events and celebrations are held.
In resolving a complex modern issue, the formation of tolerance for other peoples and communities of politics, public organizations should take into account both scientific developments, conclusions, experience of studying in the light of historical tradition and modern transformations and globalization changes. An example is cooperation between the Hungarian and Ukrainian academies of sciences, joint projects of the Institute of Ethnographic Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Maxym Rylski Institute of the Art Studies, Folklore Studies and Ethnology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences on the study of the border areas.
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