SCIENTIFIC AND POLITICAL ASPECTS OF HUNGARIAN-UKRAINIAN CONTACTS

  • Mushketyk Lesia
Keywords: Ukraine, Hungary, ethno politics, national minorities, education, Transcarpathia, separatism, scientific cooperation.

Abstract

The article deals with the ethno-political and other aspects of Ukrainian-Hungarian contacts, which are realized, in particular, through Transcarpathia, where many Hungarian communities live and operate a lot of Hungarian schools, higher educational establishments, cultural centers, etc. Today we see there significant separatist tendencies, which are also exacerbated by the external influences such as political rusynism, and so on. This is also facilitated by Hungarian opposition parties. Unfortunately, this situation does not contribute to the formation of a positive image of Ukraine in Hungary. Its image in the Hungarian media is mostly negative, the information in general is small and it is distorted. At the same time, there were some opportunities for a closer acquaintance with the neighboring country, among them – tourist trips, educational and cultural contacts. There is a large Hungarian branch in the Kyiv National Linguistic University.

In Hungary live Slavic national minorities. In 1993, two separate self-governments of Rusyns and Ukrainians were created here. Rusyns are largely assimilated with Hungarians and Slovaks, living mainly in northeastern Hungary and numbering about 4 thousand people. The Ukrainian community in Hungary (only 7 thousand people) is active, there is a Sunday school, a magazine "Hromada", folk groups, and joint events and celebrations are held.

In resolving a complex modern issue, the formation of tolerance for other peoples and communities of politics, public organizations should take into account both scientific developments, conclusions, experience of studying in the light of historical tradition and modern transformations and globalization changes. An example is cooperation between the Hungarian and Ukrainian academies of sciences, joint projects of the Institute of Ethnographic Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Maxym Rylski Institute of the Art Studies, Folklore Studies and Ethnology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences on the study of the border areas.

References

1. Mushketyk, L. (2013). Narodni pohliady na revoliutsiiu 1848–1849 roku ta Laiosha Koshuta [Folk views on the revolution of 1848–1849 and Layosh Koshut]. Folklor ukrainsko-uhorskoho porubizhzhia – Folklore of the Ukrainian-Hungarian Transboundary. Kyiv: Ukrainskyi pysmennyk [in Ukrainian].

2. Mushketyk, L.H. (2006). Pereklad z uhorskoi na ukraiinsku movu [Translation from Hungarian into Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Aspekt-Polihraf [in Ukrainian].

3. Mushketyk, L. (2014). Slavistychni studii v Uhorshchyni: istoriia ta suchasnyi stan [Slavic Studies in Hungary: History and Contemporary]. Kyiv: IMF M.T. Rilsky NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

4. Musketyk, L. (2017). Suchasna uhorska etnolohiia: oseredky, napriamy doslidzhen, personalii [Modern Hungarian Ethnology: Centers, Research Areas, Personals]. Kyiv: IMF M.T. Rilsky NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

5. Suchasna zarubizhna etnolohiia [Modern foreign ethnology]. (2010–2011). Vol. 1–2. Kyiv: IMF M.T. Rilsky NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

6. Turai, T. (Ed.) (2015). Hármas határok néprajzi nézetben [Triple boundaries in ethnographic interpretation]. Vol. 1. Budapest [in Hungarian].

7. Turai, T. (Ed.) (2015). Hármas határok néprajzi értelmezésben [Triple boundaries in ethnographic interpretation]. Vol. 2. Budapest [in Hungarian].

8. Kriza, I. (2000). Magyar szabadságharca ruszin népköltészetben [Hungarian War of Independence in Ruthenian Folk Poetry]. Tanulmányok a hazai bolgár, görög, lengyel, örmény, ruszin nemzetiség néprajzáról – Studies on the Ethnography of Hungarian Bulgarian, Greek, Polish, Armenian, Ruthenian Nationalities, 3, 136–163 [in Hungarian].

9. Paládi-Kovács, A. (1973). Ukrán szorványosok a 18–19. században a mai Magyarország északkeleti részén [Ukrainian Clerics in the 18–19. Century in the Northeastern Part of Today’s Hungary]. Népi Kultura. Népi Tarsadalom – Folk Culture. People’s Discipline, 7, 327–361 [in Hungarian].
Published
2018-08-06
How to Cite
Lesia, M. (2018). SCIENTIFIC AND POLITICAL ASPECTS OF HUNGARIAN-UKRAINIAN CONTACTS. Strategic Priorities, 46(1), 57-62. Retrieved from https://niss-priority.com/index.php/journal/article/view/20