LANGUAGE AS AN INDICATOR OF CURRENT UKRAINIAN-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS

  • Hrytsenko Pavlo
Keywords: the Ukrainian language, ethnic minority languages, linguistic situation, ethnic minorities, Hungarian minority, the Transcarpathian Region, danger of interethnic conflict in the Transcarpathian Region, «soft» annexation of the Transcarpathian Region, Ukraine’s international identity.

Abstract

The article discusses the role of the Ukrainian language in the nation-building process and the specificity of the current language situation in Ukraine with special attention to minority linguistic communities. The author considers Hungarian among other ethnic languages of Ukraine as well as the influence of Hungary both on the formation of the Hungarian minority’s language preferences in the Transcarpathian Region, and on international institutions in order to promote is own national interests.

He emphasizes that the Ukrainian state administration effectively addresses linguistic and cultural needs of the Transcarpathian Hungarian minority, in particular supporting an extensive network of state educational institutions of various levels and so providing a higher education in Hungarian. At the same time, he states that during last decades the number of Hungarian students studying Ukrainian has sharply declined, so that they, without a good command in Ukrainian, cannot fully participate in the life of Ukrainian society. There is a vast network of Hungarian-language educational institutions as well as Hungarian language oriented cultural and learned societies whose activities are actively promoted and financially supported by Hungary and who outnumber similar institutions and societies using Ukrainian as well as the other languages of Transcarpathian ethnic minorities.

Due to the practice of dual citizenship for Transcarpathian Hungarians (contrary to the Ukrainian legislation), tangible preferences for continuing education and obtaining work in Hungary, longterm intentional infusion of national feelings Hungary has formed the preconditions for implementing the strategy of the «soft» annexation of the Transcarpathian Region.

It is emphasized that the state administration of Ukraine should reinforce its stand as to the compulsory learning of the Ukrainian state language of all Ukrainian citizens and prevent any kind of language or ethnic segregation, which is a crucial precondition of integrity of Ukraine and of the strengthening of its international identity.

References

1. Atlasul lynhvystyk moldovenesk [Moldavian linguistic atlas]. (1968). Vol. 1. Kyshyneu [in Moldavian].

2. Bernshteyn, S.B., Cheshko, E.V., & Zelenina, E.I. (1958). Atlas bolharskykh hovorov v SSSR [Atlas of Bulgarian dialects in the USSR]. Moscow [in Russian].

3. Vidnyanskyi, S.V. (2016). Aktualizatsiia «rusynskoho pytannia» v Zakarpatti ta za yoho mezhamy v konteksti aneksii Krymu i viiny na Skhodi Ukrainy [Actualization of the «Rusyn issue» in Transcarpathia and beyond in the context of the annexation of the Crimea and the war in the East of Ukraine]. In: Natsionalne pytannia v Ukraini: vyklyky suchasnosti, uroky istorii: dopovidi ta materialy Vseukrainskoi naukovoi konferentsii 20 lystopada 2014 r. – National Issues in Ukraine: Challenges of Modernity, History Lessons. Reports and materials of the All-Ukrainian Scientific Conference November 20, 2014. Kyiv, pp. 82–107 [in Ukrainіаn].

4. Lyzanets, P.N. (1992). Atlas venherskykh hovorov Zakarpattia. Т. 1 [Atlas of Hungarian dialects of Transcarpathia]. Vol. 1. Budapest [in Russian].

5. Ukrainsko-uhorskyi navchalno-naukovyi instytut UzhNU otrymav suchasne obladnannia [Ukrainian-Hungarian Educational-Scientific Institute UzhNU received modern equipment]. (April 24, 2017). uzhnu.edu.ua. Retrieved from http://www.uzhnu.edu.ua/uk/news/ukrajinsko-ugorskij-navchalno-naukovij-institut-uzhnu-otrimav.htm [in Ukrainіаn].

6. Rusyn, O. (1993). Ukrainstvo na zadvirkakh. Budapesht: 1941–1993 [Ukrainian heritage at the periphery. Budapest: 1941–1993]. Karpatskyi krai – The Carpathian Territory, 9–11 [in Ukrainіаn].

7. Lyzantets, P.M. (Ed.) (2001). Uhorsko-ukrayinskyi slovnyk [Ukrainian-Hungarian dictionary]. Uzhhorod [in Ukrainіаn].

8. Udvari, I. (Ed.). (2003–2005). Ukrán-magyar szótári adatbázis [Ukrainian-Hungarian dictionary database]. Vol. I–VI. Nyíregyháza [іn Hungarian].
Published
2018-08-06
How to Cite
Pavlo, H. (2018). LANGUAGE AS AN INDICATOR OF CURRENT UKRAINIAN-HUNGARIAN RELATIONS. Strategic Priorities, 46(1), 26-37. Retrieved from https://niss-priority.com/index.php/journal/article/view/17