ETHNOGRAPHIC SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THE BORDERLAND CULTURE OF UKRAINIANS AND HUNGARIANS IN THE TRANSCARPATHIAN REGION
The author looks at the issue of interethnic cultural influences between Ukrainians and Hungarians, living in the Transcarpatian region. Author argues that close cultural ties between two mentioned ethnic groups could facilitate better mutual understanding and struggling with occasional examples of the ethnic, religious and racial intolerance. The history of the settlement of the Hungarians and their migration to the territory of Ukraine in different historical periods is considered. An example of the comparative nature of the traditional culture of Ukrainians and Hungarians revealed mutual influence in such areas as national cuisine, family ceremonies, shows the varying degree of intercollection in everyday life, folk art, in particular the tradition of embroidery, which is common to Ukrainians and Hungarians of Transcarpathia. Attention is drawn to tolerance in the communication of various ethnic groups. The differences in the culture of the representatives of different ethnic groups of Transcarpathia and cultural and domestic local features of the culture of the region are emphasized.
The article also focuses on the historiography of the question. Famous scientists studied Ya. Golovatsky, V. Gnatiuk, Yu. Zhatkovych and a number of other researchers in studying ethnocultural features. Particular attention is paid to field expeditionary research conducted frequently with Hungarian scientists. There is a problem in the continuation of research on a new method, which will undoubtedly promote mutual understanding between representatives of different ethnic groups.
Ukrainians and Hungarians, with long communication, significantly influenced the ethnographic peculiarities of two ethnic groups, forming a local peculiar subregion of the Eastern Carpathians. Hungarians maintain their ethnic culture rather well, but with a great deal of tolerance to the culture of Ukrainians and representatives of other ethnic groups living in Transcarpathia. This includes Germans, Romans, Slovaks and others. Separate political forces are trying to make certain destructive notes in the friendly relations of the ethnic groups of the frontier.
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