HATE SPEECH AS THE PROBLEM OF UKRAINIAN INFORMATION SPACE
Issues of the use of hate speech in the modern Ukrainian information space are described. It demonstrated the transformation of the communicative environment of Ukraine, which is manifested by the formation of new constructions of meaning, “frames” – the foundations for a “world view”. It presents historical examples, that became evidences as hate speech was deliberately used to fuel violent conflicts and wars. In particular, the mass genocide in Rwanda in 1994 was triggered by the radio station RTLM – Radio Television Libre des Mille Collines (“Radio Thousand Hills”). It was determined that the most important factor in determining the nature of the hate speech is that it is based on social stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination, and is part of the Prejudiced and Discriminatory Communication. Issues of using hate speech in the information space of Ukraine, which is an environment for the formation of new meanings, words, behavior are analyzed. Modern information space is converted into a field of struggle between “us” and “them” in the environment of traditional media and new interactive communication media. Memes became one of the most common evidences of hate speech in Ukrainian information space that perform a specific function and a symbolic act on the collective unconscious, and then directly influence human behavior. We consider the international experience of combating the use of hate speech in journalistic practice.
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